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written by Michael Davidson and Matthew J. Parry-Hill
published by the Olympus America, Inc. and the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
This item is a Java simulation relating to the three primary subtractive colors of light (cyan, magenta, and yellow.)  These three colors, also called the complementary colors of light, are produced by mixing pairs of the three primary additive colors of light (red, green, blue).  The simulation consists of  yellow, magenta, and cyan-colored circles that can be overlaid and combined by the user in pairs or all together.  It explains why combining all three produces black light (the absence of color) and demonstrates what happens when any two are mixed.  

This item is part of a larger collection of materials on optics and microscopy developed by the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. SEE RELATED MATERIALS LINKS on this page for a comprehensive tutorial on the primary colors of light, and for a companion Java simulation on the RGB primary colors.

Please note that this resource requires Java.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Optics
- Color
= Synthesis and Analysis of Color
- High School
- Lower Undergraduate
- Middle School
- Instructional Material
= Interactive Simulation
= Tutorial
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Physics First
- Conceptual Physics
- Algebra-based Physics
- AP Physics
- Activity
- Laboratory
- New teachers
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Intended Users:
Learner
Educator
Formats:
application/java
text/html
Access Rights:
Free access
Restriction:
© 2002 National High Magnetic Field Laboratory-2008
Keywords:
Simulations, color, complementary colors, optics, subtractive colors, tutorial
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created March 31, 2008 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
July 10, 2009 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
June 15, 2007
Other Collections:

This resource is part of a Physics Front Topical Unit.


Topic: Nature and Behavior of Light
Unit Title: Visible Light and Color

The complementary colors (cyan, yellow, and magenta) are also commonly referred to as the primary subtractive colors because each can be formed by subtracting one of the primary additives (red, green, and blue) from white light. This tutorial explores how the three primary subtractive colors interact with each other, both in pairs or all together.  Interestingly, when all three are mixed, the result is black (the absence of light). We recommend introducing this tutorial after the simulation directly above on primary additive colors.

Link to Unit:
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Record Link
AIP Format
M. Davidson and M. Parry-Hill, (Olympus America, Inc., Center Valley, 2002), WWW Document, (http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/primarycolors/subtractiveprimaries/).
AJP/PRST-PER
M. Davidson and M. Parry-Hill, Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors, (Olympus America, Inc., Center Valley, 2002), <http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/primarycolors/subtractiveprimaries/>.
APA Format
Davidson, M., & Parry-Hill, M. (2007, June 15). Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors. Retrieved October 25, 2014, from Olympus America, Inc.: http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/primarycolors/subtractiveprimaries/
Chicago Format
Davidson, Michael, and Matthew J. Parry-Hill. Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors. Center Valley: Olympus America, Inc., June 15, 2007. http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/primarycolors/subtractiveprimaries/ (accessed 25 October 2014).
MLA Format
Davidson, Michael, and Matthew J. Parry-Hill. Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors. Center Valley: Olympus America, Inc., 2002. 15 June 2007. 25 Oct. 2014 <http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/primarycolors/subtractiveprimaries/>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Michael Davidson and Matthew J. Parry-Hill", Title = {Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors}, Publisher = {Olympus America, Inc.}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {25 October 2014}, Month = {June 15, 2007}, Year = {2002} }
Refer Export Format

%A Michael Davidson
%A Matthew J. Parry-Hill
%T Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors
%D June 15, 2007
%I Olympus America, Inc.
%C Center Valley
%U http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/primarycolors/subtractiveprimaries/
%O application/java

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%A Davidson, Michael
%A Parry-Hill, Matthew J.
%D June 15, 2007
%T Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors
%I Olympus America, Inc.
%V 2014
%N 25 October 2014
%8 June 15, 2007
%9 application/java
%U http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/primarycolors/subtractiveprimaries/


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The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

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Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Primary Subtractive Colors:

Covers the Same Topic As Optical Microscopy Primer: Primary Additive Colors

A companion Java simulation on the primary additive colors of light: red, green and blue (RGB).  The applet shows what happens when you mix RGB in pairs -- the complementary colors are produced.  Combine all three and white light is the result. The format of this simulation is the same; both are appropriate for grades 6-12.

relation by Caroline Hall
Is Part Of Molecular Expressions: Science, Optics & You - Light and Color

This page is the full index of materials by the same authors on Light and Color.  It contains tutorials on electromagnetic radiation, properties of light, reflection, refraction, diffraction, human vision, light filtration, and polarization of light.  It also links to more than 25 related Java simulations.

relation by Bruce Mason

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