Editor selections by Topic and Unit

The Physics Front is a free service provided by the AAPT in partnership with the NSF/NSDL.

Website Detail Page

Item Picture
edited by the University of Chicago Digital Library Development Center
consultant: the Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum
This teaching module, part of the University of Chicago Internet Project, explores astronomy from the cultural context of past societies and their observations of the heavens. What sorts of phenomena did they observe and how did these observations impact their everyday lives?

The module provides a unique way to study the moon, sun, solar system, and stars within a cross-curricular framework that includes history, cultural anthropology, physical science, and mathematics. Teachers will find lesson plans, image sets of physical phenomena, a multimedia gallery, and extension activities.

eCUIP is a digital library project developed as a collaboration between Chicago Public Schools and the University of Chicago.

Please note that this resource requires Flash.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Astronomy
- Fundamentals
= Constellations
= Lunar Phases
= Night Sky
- Historical Astronomy
= History of Astronomy
- Solar System
- The Sun
Classical Mechanics
- Relative Motion
= Rotating Reference Frames
Education Practices
- Technology
= Multimedia
- Middle School
- High School
- Informal Education
- Collection
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Interactive Simulation
= Lesson/Lesson Plan
= Simulation
= Tutorial
= Unit of Instruction
- Reference Material
= Bibliography
= Glossary/Index
- Audio/Visual
= Illustration
= Image/Image Set
= Movie/Animation
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Physics First
- Conceptual Physics
- Lesson Plan
- Activity
- New teachers
  • Currently 0.0/5

Want to rate this material?
Login here!


Intended Users:
Educator
Parent/Guardian
Learner
General Public
Formats:
text/html
application/flash
image/jpeg
Access Rights:
Free access
Restriction:
© 2002 University of Chicago
Keywords:
Polaris, astronomy lessons, astronomy module, interactive astronomy, moon phase, multimedia , planets, stars, sun
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created November 14, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
November 14, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
June 30, 2012

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

4. The Physical Setting

4B. The Earth
  • 3-5: 4B/E2bc. The rotation of the earth on its axis every 24 hours produces the night-and-day cycle. To people on earth, this turning of the planet makes it seem as though the sun, moon, planets, and stars are orbiting the earth once a day.
  • 6-8: 4B/M5. The moon's orbit around the earth once in about 28 days changes what part of the moon is lighted by the sun and how much of that part can be seen from the earth- the phases of the moon.
4F. Motion
  • 6-8: 4F/M3b. If a force acts towards a single center, the object's path may curve into an orbit around the center.
  • 9-12: 4F/H2. All motion is relative to whatever frame of reference is chosen, for there is no motionless frame from which to judge all motion.
4G. Forces of Nature
  • 6-8: 4G/M2. The sun's gravitational pull holds the earth and other planets in their orbits, just as the planets' gravitational pull keeps their moons in orbit around them.

10. Historical Perspectives

10A. Displacing the Earth from the Center of the Universe
  • 9-12: 10A/H1. To someone standing on the earth, it seems as if it is large and stationary and that all other objects in the sky orbit around it. That perception was the basis for theories of how the universe is organized that prevailed for over 2,000 years.
  • 9-12: 10A/H2. Ptolemy, an Egyptian astronomer living in the second century A.D., devised a powerful mathematical model of the universe based on continuous motion in perfect circles, and in circles on circles. With the model, he was able to predict the motions of the sun, moon, and stars, and even of the irregular "wandering stars" now called planets.
  • 9-12: 10A/H3. In the 1500s, a Polish astronomer named Copernicus suggested that all those same motions could be explained by imagining that the earth was turning around once a day and orbiting around the sun once a year. This explanation was rejected by nearly everyone because it violated common sense and required the universe to be unbelievably large. Worse, it flew in the face of the belief, universally held at the time, that the earth was at the center of the universe.
  • 9-12: 10A/H5. Using the newly invented telescope to study the sky, Galileo made many discoveries that supported the ideas of Copernicus. It was Galileo who found the moons of Jupiter, sunspots, craters and mountains on the moon, and many more stars than were visible to the unaided eye.
10B. Uniting the Heavens and Earth
  • 9-12: 10B/H3. The Newtonian system made it possible to account for such diverse phenomena as tides, the orbits of planets and moons, the motion of falling objects, and the earth's equatorial bulge.

11. Common Themes

11B. Models
  • 6-8: 11B/M1. Models are often used to think about processes that happen too slowly, too quickly, or on too small a scale to observe directly. They are also used for processes that are too vast, too complex, or too dangerous to study.
  • 6-8: 11B/M4. Simulations are often useful in modeling events and processes.
  • 9-12: 11B/H3. The usefulness of a model can be tested by comparing its predictions to actual observations in the real world. But a close match does not necessarily mean that other models would not work equally well or better.

This resource is part of a Physics Front Topical Unit.


Topic: Astronomy
Unit Title: Astronomy: An Historical Perspective

This module lets teachers introduce the solar system within a cross-curricular framework that includes history, physics, cultural anthropology, and math. This module, sponsored by the Adler Planetarium, explores how past cultures observed the heavens. Don't miss the multimedia gallery!

Link to Unit:
ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
(2002), WWW Document, (http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/index.html).
AJP/PRST-PER
eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth (2002), <http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/index.html>.
APA Format
eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth. (2012, June 30). Retrieved September 2, 2014, from http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/index.html
Chicago Format
Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum, and University of Chicago Digital Library Development Center. eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth. June 30, 2012. http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/index.html (accessed 2 September 2014).
MLA Format
eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth. 2002. 30 June 2012. Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum, and University of Chicago Digital Library Development Center. 2 Sep. 2014 <http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/index.html>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Title = {eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {2 September 2014}, Month = {June 30, 2012}, Year = {2002} }
Refer Export Format

%T eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth
%D June 30, 2012
%U http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/index.html
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%D June 30, 2012
%T eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth
%V 2014
%N 2 September 2014
%8 June 30, 2012
%9 text/html
%U http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/index.html


Disclaimer: ComPADRE offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure. Please refer to the style manuals in the Citation Source Information area for clarifications.

Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Style.org: Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

eCUIP Project: Cultural Astronomy -- Bringing the Heavens to Earth:

Contains eCUIP Project: Where Is Polaris?

An interactive simulation developed to help students understand that stars are fixed in location, though they appear to move in the night sky.

relation by Caroline Hall

Know of another related resource? Login to relate this resource to it.
Save to my folders

Supplements

Contribute

Related Materials

Similar Materials

Featured By

Physics Front
Apr 15 - Jun 30, 2014