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published by the Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering
supported by the National Science Foundation
This lesson is the third of a four-part unit for Grades 5-8 on the key forces in flight: lift, weight, thrust, and drag. In this lesson students will study how propellers and jet turbines generate thrust. It focuses on Newton's Third Law of Motion, which states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. The lesson includes objectives, warm-up questions, background information for teachers, assessment questions, classroom activity, and web-based reference material.

TeachEngineering is a Pathway project of the National Science Digital Library. It provides a large collection of teacher-tested, research-based content for K-12 teachers to connect real-world experiences with curricular content.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Newton's Second Law
= Force, Acceleration
- Newton's Third Law
= Action/Reaction
Education Practices
- Active Learning
= Inquiry Learning
Other Sciences
- Engineering
- Middle School
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Instructor Guide/Manual
= Lesson/Lesson Plan
= Problem/Problem Set
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Lesson Plan
- Activity
- Assessment
- New teachers
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Intended User:
Educator
Format:
text/html
Access Rights:
Free access
Restriction:
© 2004 Regents of the University of Colorado
Keywords:
Newton's Laws, engineering, flight, force interaction, force pairs, jet engines, propeller, rockets, thermal expansion, turbine
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created October 10, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
January 10, 2012 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 23, 2010

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

4. The Physical Setting

4F. Motion
  • 3-5: 4F/E1a. Changes in speed or direction of motion are caused by forces.
  • 3-5: 4F/E1bc. The greater the force is, the greater the change in motion will be. The more massive an object is, the less effect a given force will have.
  • 6-8: 4F/M3a. An unbalanced force acting on an object changes its speed or direction of motion, or both.
  • 9-12: 4F/H4. Whenever one thing exerts a force on another, an equal amount of force is exerted back on it.

11. Common Themes

11A. Systems
  • 3-5: 11A/E1. In something that consists of many parts, the parts usually influence one another.
  • 6-8: 11A/M2. Thinking about things as systems means looking for how every part relates to others. The output from one part of a system (which can include material, energy, or information) can become the input to other parts. Such feedback can serve to control what goes on in the system as a whole.
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Record Link
AIP Format
(Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, Boulder, 2004), WWW Document, (http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson04.xml).
AJP/PRST-PER
Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust, (Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, Boulder, 2004), <http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson04.xml>.
APA Format
Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust. (2010, August 23). Retrieved October 31, 2014, from Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering: http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson04.xml
Chicago Format
National Science Foundation. Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust. Boulder: Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, August 23, 2010. http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson04.xml (accessed 31 October 2014).
MLA Format
Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust. Boulder: Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, 2004. 23 Aug. 2010. National Science Foundation. 31 Oct. 2014 <http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson04.xml>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Title = {Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust}, Publisher = {Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {31 October 2014}, Month = {August 23, 2010}, Year = {2004} }
Refer Export Format

%T Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust
%D August 23, 2010
%I Integrated Teaching and Learning Program:  Teach Engineering
%C Boulder
%U http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson04.xml
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%D August 23, 2010
%T Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust
%I Integrated Teaching and Learning Program:  Teach Engineering
%V 2014
%N 31 October 2014
%8 August 23, 2010
%9 text/html
%U http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson04.xml


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Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust:

Accompanies Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Drag

This is Part 3 of Teach Engineering's 4-part unit on the forces of flight. This lesson explores drag and how engineers create designs to reduce the drag force in aircraft.

relation by Caroline Hall
Accompanies Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift

This is Part 1 of Teach Engineering's 4-part unit on the forces of flight, developed for grades 5-8.

relation by Caroline Hall
Accompanies Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Weight

This is Part 2 of Teach Engineering's 4-part unit on the forces of flight, developed for Grades 5-8.

relation by Caroline Hall

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