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published by the Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering
supported by the National Science Foundation
This lesson for Grades 5-8 explores how engineers use Bernoulli's Principle to design airplane wings that produce lift. It is the first of four lessons about the key forces in flight: lift, weight, thrust, and drag. The lesson includes objectives, warm-up questions, background information for teachers, assessment questions, classroom activity, and web-based reference material.

See Related Materials for links to additional resources on lift and drag, appropriate for middle school.

TeachEngineering is a Pathway project of the National Science Digital Library. It provides a large collection of teacher-tested, research-based content for K-12 teachers to connect real-world experiences with curricular content.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Classical Mechanics
- Applications of Newton's Laws
= Pressure
- Motion in Two Dimensions
- Newton's Third Law
= Action/Reaction
Education Practices
- Active Learning
= Inquiry Learning
Fluid Mechanics
- Dynamics of Fluids
= Bernoulli Force
Other Sciences
- Engineering
- Middle School
- Instructional Material
= Activity
= Instructor Guide/Manual
= Lesson/Lesson Plan
= Problem/Problem Set
Appropriate Courses Categories Ratings
- Physical Science
- Lesson Plan
- Activity
- Assessment
- New teachers
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Intended User:
Educator
Format:
text/html
Access Rights:
Free access
Restriction:
© 2004 Regents of the University of Colorado
Keywords:
Bernoulli, airfoil, airplane wing, engineering, flight, force interaction, force pairs, lift force
Record Cloner:
Metadata instance created October 9, 2011 by Caroline Hall
Record Updated:
January 11, 2012 by Caroline Hall
Last Update
when Cataloged:
August 23, 2010

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008 Version)

4. The Physical Setting

4F. Motion
  • 3-5: 4F/E1a. Changes in speed or direction of motion are caused by forces.
  • 6-8: 4F/M3a. An unbalanced force acting on an object changes its speed or direction of motion, or both.
4G. Forces of Nature
  • 3-5: 4G/E1. The earth's gravity pulls any object on or near the earth toward it without touching it.
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Record Link
AIP Format
(Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, Boulder, 2004), WWW Document, (http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson02.xml).
AJP/PRST-PER
Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift (Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, Boulder, 2004), <http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson02.xml>.
APA Format
Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift. (2010, August 23). Retrieved July 28, 2014, from Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering: http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson02.xml
Chicago Format
National Science Foundation. Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift. Boulder: Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, August 23, 2010. http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson02.xml (accessed 28 July 2014).
MLA Format
Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift. Boulder: Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering, 2004. 23 Aug. 2010. National Science Foundation. 28 July 2014 <http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson02.xml>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Title = {Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift}, Publisher = {Integrated Teaching and Learning Program: Teach Engineering}, Volume = {2014}, Number = {28 July 2014}, Month = {August 23, 2010}, Year = {2004} }
Refer Export Format

%T Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift
%D August 23, 2010
%I Integrated Teaching and Learning Program:  Teach Engineering
%C Boulder
%U http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson02.xml
%O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source
%D August 23, 2010
%T Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift
%I Integrated Teaching and Learning Program:  Teach Engineering
%V 2014
%N 28 July 2014
%8 August 23, 2010
%9 text/html
%U http://www.teachengineering.org/view_lesson.php?url=http://www.teachengineering.org/collection/cub_/lessons/cub_airplanes/cub_airplanes_lesson02.xml


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Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You - Lift:

Accompanies Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Weight

A link to Part 2 of the TeachEngineering unit on forces of flight.

relation by Caroline Hall
Covers the Same Topic As NOVA: Lift and Drag

A related interactive tutorial for Grades 6-12 on the aerodynamic forces of lift and drag. It explores why wing shape alone cannot sustain the lift necessary to keep an airplane aloft.

relation by Caroline Hall
Covers the Same Topic As Teachers' Domain: The Physics of Sailing

A 5-minute video that explains how modern sailboats are constructed so that lift and drag are produced by the sails and the keel. These force pairs counteract each other to generate forward movement.

relation by Caroline Hall
Accompanies Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Thrust

This is Part 3 of Teach Engineering's 4-part unit on the forces of flight, developed for grades 5-8.

relation by Caroline Hall
Accompanies Teach Engineering: May the Force Be With You: Drag

This is Part 4 of Teach Engineering's 4-part unit for Grades 5-8 on the forces of flight. It explores drag and how engineers create aircraft designs to reduce the drag force.

relation by Caroline Hall

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