edited by
Judy Spicer
supported by
the National Science Foundation

This instructional module offers a wide variety of exemplary resources to support a unit on data analysis. Standards-based lessons on graph interpretation are presented in the context of real-world applications, such as population growth, junk mail, and global temperatures. Don't miss the "applet" collection, offering fun and interactive virtual activities on graphing and statistics for grades 5-9.

This module meets several standards within Benchmarks for Science Literacy (see Standards link), but is also aligned with data analysis standards found in the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics Standards (NCTM).

Please note that this resource requires
Flash, or
Java Applet Plug-in.

3-5: 2A/E2. Mathematical ideas can be represented concretely, graphically, or symbolically.

9. The Mathematical World

9B. Symbolic Relationships

3-5: 9B/E2. Tables and graphs can show how values of one quantity are related to values of another.

6-8: 9B/M3. Graphs can show a variety of possible relationships between two variables. As one variable increases uniformly, the other may do one of the following: increase or decrease steadily, increase or decrease faster and faster, get closer and closer to some limiting value, reach some intermediate maximum or minimum, alternately increase and decrease, increase or decrease in steps, or do something different from any of these.

9E. Reasoning

6-8: 9E/M5. In formal logic, a single example can never prove that a generalization is always true, but sometimes a single example can prove that a generalization is not always true. Proving a generalization to be false is easier than proving it to be true.

12. Habits of Mind

12D. Communication Skills

6-8: 12D/M1. Organize information in simple tables and graphs and identify relationships they reveal.

6-8: 12D/M2. Read simple tables and graphs produced by others and describe in words what they show.

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (1993 Version)

9. THE MATHEMATICAL WORLD

E. Reasoning

9E (6-8) #4. People are using incorrect logic when they make a statement such as "If A is true, then B is true; but A isn't true, therefore B isn't true either."

11. COMMON THEMES

B. Models

11B (3-5) #2. Geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories can be used to represent objects, events, and processes in the real world, although such representations can never be exact in every detail.

12. HABITS OF MIND

C. Manipulation and Observation

12C (9-12) #2. Use computers for producing tables and graphs and for making spreadsheet calculations.

D. Communication Skills

12D (6-8) #4. Understand writing that incorporates circle charts, bar and line graphs, two-way data tables, diagrams, and symbols.

E. Critical-Response Skills

12E (6-8) #4. Be aware that there may be more than one good way to interpret a given set of findings.

<a href="http://www.thephysicsfront.org/items/detail.cfm?ID=10438">Spicer, Judy, ed. Middle School Portal: Data Analysis: As Real World As It Gets. February 25, 2007.</a>

Spicer, J. (Ed.). (2007, February 25). Middle School Portal: Data Analysis: As Real World As It Gets. Retrieved December 1, 2015, from http://msteacher.org/epubs/math/math3/math.aspx

Spicer, Judy, ed. Middle School Portal: Data Analysis: As Real World As It Gets. February 25, 2007. http://msteacher.org/epubs/math/math3/math.aspx (accessed 1 December 2015).

Spicer, Judy, ed. Middle School Portal: Data Analysis: As Real World As It Gets. 2005. 25 Feb. 2007. National Science Foundation. 1 Dec. 2015 <http://msteacher.org/epubs/math/math3/math.aspx>.

@misc{
Title = {Middle School Portal: Data Analysis: As Real World As It Gets},
Volume = {2015},
Number = {1 December 2015},
Month = {February 25, 2007},
Year = {2005}
}

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